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What is Butane

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۲۴ مهر ۱۳۹۹
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uses of Butane Top Petro

Top Petro site is an international specialized site for marketing petrochemical products such as paraffin and Refinery and Fact about uses of Butane

Butane, also called n-butane, is the unbranched alkane molecule with four carbon atoms

Reactions and uses of Butane

Butanes are highly flammable, colorless, odorless, easily liquefied gases. The name butane was derived by back-formation from the name of butyric acid

Butane gas is sold bottled as a fuel for cooking and camping. When blended with Propane and other hydrocarbons, it is referred to commercially as LPG. It is also used as a petrol component, as a feedstock for the production of base petrochemicals in steam cracking, as fuel for cigarette lighters and as a propellant in aerosol sprays

Very pure forms of butane, especially isobutane, can be used as refrigerants and have largely replaced the ozone layer depleting halomethanes, for instance in household refrigerators and freezers. The flammability of butane is not a major issue because the amount of butane in an appliance is not enough to cause a combustible mix given the amount of air in a room. The system operating pressure for butane is lower than for the halomethanes, such as R-12, so direct conversion of R-12 systems to butane, such as in automotive air conditioning systems, will not function optimally

Butane used in Cooking Torches

Butane is currently the source of fuel for most cooking torches, A quick blast with a blowtorch is much quicker and easier than roasting in the oven for 20 minutes or putting under the broiler.— Warming up knives to cut through frozen foods.— Charring Corn And –Of course Marshmallows and Baked Alaska

Effects and health issues

Inhaling butane can cause drowsiness, narcosis, asphyxia; cardiac arrhythmia and frostbite, which can result in instant death from Asphyxiation, Acute toxicity and ventricular fibrillation. Butane is the most commonly misused volatile solvent in the UK, and was the cause of 52% of solvent related deaths in 2000. By spraying butane directly into the throat, the jet of fluid can cool rapidly to –20 °C by expansion, causing prolonged laryngospasm. “Sudden Sniffer’s Death syndrome”, first described by Bass in 1970, is the most common single cause of solvent related death, resulting in 55% of known fatal cases

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